9. MANAGING RISKS TO THE PUBLIC: APPRAISAL GUIDANCE

  

 

WHAT IS IT? (HM TREASURY, 2005)

 

¡    Supplementary guidance to Green Book, Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government.

 ¡    Provides as tool to assess the proposals for risks of fatalities, injury and other harms to the public in line with Government’s Principles of Managing Risks to the public, openness, transparency, involvement, proportionality and consistency, evidence and responsibility.

 ¡    A tool to help structure and make explicit the evaluation of concerns that may exist about risks of fatality and harm.

 WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?

¡    Govt. has role to protect and reassure the public, taking cost-effective action to reduce risk, and to provide accurate and timely information about risk.

 ¡    It is designed to help policy makers address certain risks that the public faces, and also the public’s perception of risk.

 WHEN SHOULD IT BE USED?

¡    At the agenda-setting stage of the policy process, before policy is adopted.

 HOW DOES IT WORK?

¡    Number of generic steps in the process are

l     Consider if there are good prima facie reasons for government interventions (eg: market failures, equity issues etc)

l     Carry out an expert risk assessment

l     Carry out an assessment of public concern

l     Consider levels of public participation during appraisal and decision making phases

l     Develop the decision-making process and make it publicly available

l     Consider the options available to address the hazards and risks, and the concerns identified.

l     Develop options that address the reasons for interventions, specific risks and hazards, and concerns identified in steps 1-3

l     Assess the monetary costs and benefits of each option, expressing these within the range of uncertainty

l     Asses the non-monetary advantages and disadvantages of each option (consider other non-monetary issues)

l     Develop an implementation plan, taking the best options in terms of monetary and non-monetary considerations, developing an affordable and viable plan of action.

l     Explain the basis of decisions and make this publicly available.

l     Implement, monitor and evaluate the implementation plan.

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