5.REGULATORY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (RIA)

(From Welch, 2004)

 

WHAT IS IT?

n     Tool developed by Cabinet Office, aims to improve chain of causality and advice (Shaxon, 2005).

 

n     Methodology to design precise, targeted regulations that achieve legitimate policy aims with the minimum burden on those affected.

 

WHEN IS IT USED?

n     RIAs must be completed for all policy changes that affect public, private sectors, charities, voluntary sector or small businesses.

n     Used throughout the policy making processes

n     At the beginning also to develop better policy

 

HOW DOES IT WORK?

n     Provides a guide to develop a good quality policy

n     Include thorough analysis of full range of options available to government for addressing a policy problem

n     Calculation of costs and benefits to ensure that new measures are justified fully

 

STEPS IN RIA

n     Title of Proposal

n     Purpose and intended effet of the proposal

n     The policy problem

n     Options

n     Impacts

n     Distribution of impacts

n     Results of consultation

 

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING RIA?

n     Improving quality and efficiency of government interventions

n     Enhancing competitiveness

n     Increasing transparency and accountability

n     Reducing opportunities for corruption

n     Producing a tool for policy monitoring and evaluation

 

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES ATTACHED TO USE RIA?

n     Lack of awareness and acceptance of RIA within government and Civil Society

n     Institutional capacity

n     Problems of data availability

n     A lack of a coherent, evidence-based and participatory policy process within developing countries- Policies are often made by the minister, after consultation with one or two advices.

 

THE RIA AND CHANGES IN POLICY ENVIRONMENT

n     RIA implementation requires

n     Changes in institutional and policy environment

n     Resources

n     Capacities/skills

n     It leads in shift in balances of power in 3 dimensions of

n     Institutions at the Center government

n     The Centre government and line ministries

n     Ministers and officials

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