WHAT IS IT?
n Tool developed by Cabinet Office, aims to improve chain of causality and advice (Shaxon, 2005).
n Methodology to design precise, targeted regulations that achieve legitimate policy aims with the minimum burden on those affected.
WHEN IS IT USED?
n RIAs must be completed for all policy changes that affect public, private sectors, charities, voluntary sector or small businesses.
n Used throughout the policy making processes
n At the beginning also to develop better policy
HOW DOES IT WORK?
n Provides a guide to develop a good quality policy
n Include thorough analysis of full range of options available to government for addressing a policy problem
n Calculation of costs and benefits to ensure that new measures are justified fully
STEPS IN RIA
n Title of Proposal
n Purpose and intended effet of the proposal
n The policy problem
n Distribution of impacts
n Results of consultation
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING RIA?
n Improving quality and efficiency of government interventions
n Enhancing competitiveness
n Increasing transparency and accountability
n Reducing opportunities for corruption
n Producing a tool for policy monitoring and evaluation
WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES ATTACHED TO USE RIA?
n Lack of awareness and acceptance of RIA within government and Civil Society
n Institutional capacity
n Problems of data availability
n A lack of a coherent, evidence-based and participatory policy process within developing countries- Policies are often made by the minister, after consultation with one or two advices.
THE RIA AND CHANGES IN POLICY ENVIRONMENT
n RIA implementation requires
n Changes in institutional and policy environment
n It leads in shift in balances of power in 3 dimensions of
n Institutions at the Center government
n The Centre government and line ministries
n Ministers and officials