n 1. Permanent Advisory Bodies
n 2. Temporary Blue-Ribbon Commissions
WHAT ARE THEY?
n Appointed by the government for independent advice on policy issues.
WHAT IS THEIR ROLE?
n They vary in mandate, agenda and appointment.
n Germany’s Council of Economic Experts is charged with a broad mandate, whereas many advisory bodies are limited to single issues such arts or science policy.
SITUATIONS IN WHICH THEY WORK
n Advisory bodies are afforded substantial leeway over their own agenda
n Studies are undertaken only on request by government.
n Members of these bodies are appointed solely by government
n Interest groups have inputs as well.
TEMPORARY BLUE-RIBBON COMMISSIONS
n What are they?
n Created as an alternative to creating permanent advisory body, to investigate a particular problem.
n What is it?
n Membership of temporary blue-ribbon commissions tend to include prominent citizens with some claim to expertise and representatives of groups affected by the policy area.
n The breadth of mandate can vary, as can how governments use them.
n They do, however, tend to have a clear mission and limited time frame.